But starting in September - out of the blue - I began getting occasional but strong heart palpitations a few times a day, sometimes I'd go a few days without any. I know some people recently are now raving about DX10 and how there have been fixes released by users for them. Other fish will eat anything you put in front of them. If you have the money and wish to play, go for it. This is trun hard to do if ask yourself a simple question with respect to the selected CPU and desired CPU speed.

If you don't like my bookdon't read it! That includes my approach and opinions to addons as well as what takes priority in render AND what their potential is to reduce a users performance. Many users have asked for this in-depth knowledge and my opinions for years and that is what I am providing here. I will consider a PDF version after this is complete. As it stands today it is incomplete due to real world responsibilities we all have.

This is my last 'hurrah' to the Flight Sim Community. Anyone is welcome to bookmark and use without duplication or reproduction the information in this document and supporting links however like anything else you read online use of this information is at your own risk. This document is designed for those who prefer to fly Flight Simulator X instead of endlessly tweaking it.

It defines a methodology to building and tuning a Flight Simulator system in which that methodology is proven in years of testing and is based on the application itself. After going through this information and following along, and, with a little practice, you should find it fairly easy to deal with Flight Simulator and how to approach tuning it in the future as more addons are introduced to your sim.

If you came here looking for a 'fast-and-dirty' way to make Flight Sim run better with a few silly tweaks most of the tweaks you see online ARE silly! Success with Flight Sim starts with the hardware selections at purchase and ends with the user understanding the issues and how to optimize their system, correct issues before or when they appear, and, tune their sim correctly with the right methodology in mind.

I have provided a very comprehensive checklist below of prerequisites that will define success when building a system and optimizing it for high performance. Do not skip the "Preflight Checklist" as it outlines critical areas in a defined sequential order so that users can target many problems that will fix Flight Sim crashes and system performance issues before they ever appear! These are issues users report in forums everyday and who do not know where to start in order to correct them.

NOTE: The Windows 7 optimizing section of this document does not apply to Windows 8. The optimizing list presented is designed specifically for Windows 7 ONLY. Windows 8 users are welcome to look over this document and focus on the preflight section as that defines building and setting up any system however the specific operating system settings changes outline for the OS for performance were not considered for Windows 8! I have no desire nor any reason to run Windows Turn off computer hibernate option real estate tried it, it makes NO difference to FSX and there are too many nonsense issues with the OS at this time.

Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day Teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime. The latest and newer hardware of the last few years masks issues of the past that slowed a system down. That overhead is still there and still influences performance, its just that the hardware and technology are masking users from instantly recognizing the loss. People assume problems of the past are no longer an issue and in that users assume too much.

What this outline provides is removal of that behind-the-scenes overhead and shifts the majority of the resources back to the application in which we all know that Flight Simulator can use all the resources it can muster. That can not be done by simply shutting down services and boot programs, as a matter of fact with Windows 7 shutting down a lot of Windows services is nonsense.

Unlike XP, that all changed with Windows 7 and how it works with services. If you have correctly worked through the Preflight Checklist and followed the advice then you have established the beginning of a strong chain. Now consider each step forward from that point in the order presented another single link in the chain as its made. A chain is only as strong as its weakest link, so turn off computer hibernate option real estate that in that in mind lets move onward and upward There is a lot of information in this document, please do not let that influence or deter reviewing it and giving it a try.

Think of it as a fun project instead of a lot of reading. I have written this outline in a way that anyone can understand. I avoided the engineering 'tech-speak' and present the information in easy-to-follow-along terms and sequential list. Once turn off computer hibernate option real estate have done this a few times it will take about a day to install a OS from scratch, set it up and install Flight Sim with 2 or 3 'base' primary addons and have it running smooth. I will discuss good hardware choices for Flight Simulator X.

The same information can be applied to future hardware as it is released to the market. You can then make informed decisions but users will be hard pressed to be satisfied with Flight Simulator X running large payware scenery and payware aircraft on laptops, cheap video cards, cheap memory and all around low budget hardware. Under those conditions you will be far better off running Flight Simulator 9 however you can still obtain results using the methodology outlined here.

With cheaper hardware and unrealistic expectations a user will be constantly spending money to upgrade, in other words you will spend more! Its better to spend a little more now than spend it again and again trying to turn off computer hibernate option real estate cheap hardware over time. If a user selects the right hardware they can expect a year minimum useful life with few or no upgrades required and will actually spend far less money over that same period of time since they won't be endlessly looking for replacement upgrade parts.

Your results good or bad depends on the type quality and condition of your hardware, your ability to run a clean of spyware, malware and virus free system, a reasonable amount of boot programs in your OS, and, your ability to maintain proper maintenance on your system I will guide you though all of the above. As always please remember: You're Mileage May Vary!! The only reason I moved from XPx64 at that time was because of the Nvidia driver issue with the new video cards when I installed a GTX into a newer tower a few years later.

I worked with Nvidia to get those driver issues resolved and in the process managed to nudge Nvidia to start using FSX in their driver testing program system and today we all reap the rewards of that in Nvidia driver development. By the time they solved the WindowsXP series driver issues I had moved to Windows7 x64 so I simply stayed there.

This next section when applied to the rest of this document will clearly answer that question. The ultimate goal is to: establish a stable, functioning, smooth flying simulation in DX9 mode and then backup a good running simulator install. All things being equal, lets assume this is a perfect word and everyone has done that and everyone has a correctly optimized system with all the correct fixes installed, and everyone uses top grade hardware The name of the application is: Flight Simulator.

If that is what people want to look at instead of being ft in the air or higher in a quality, 'correctly' designed for graphics, aircraft simulation then my opinion is they have picked the wrong rendering platform for that purpose and that includes the changes currently being implemented with the product based on the outdated ESP code, Prepar3D.

What I find amusing and sad too is that people actually pay developers to provide them with blurs, stutters, shimmers, glitches, crashes and out of memory issues. What needs to happen is a SHIFT in thinking about the goal; The eye candy that is unrelated to piloting an aircraft, to flying a quality simulation plane and land it. That is the bottom-line choice. If a user can render more scenery out of their system after the aircraft has taken full priority, then fine!

I too like a good scene and it is a wonderful perk! But all too often the primary goal for 'Flight Simulator' is lost to a users endless spiral of tweaking and searching for ways to see far MORE than their system can properly render and in the process end up frustrated and If a correctly setup system will not run smooth flight in just about all scenery situations with a few simplistic slider changes to account for the aircraft and scenery being rendered, the user is simply overdriving their hardware.

All the user will accomplish is to eventually bring on another stutter, crash and the out of memory error. Those turn off computer hibernate option real estate do this need to take their next paycheck and buy a clue. I do not have very good things to say about visual rendering utilities that adds DLLs to the FSX directory to alter colors tones and shadows other than they may be great for advertising and screenshots so lets get that said strait up-front.

Those tools are widely used for the marketing of addon products so the addon looks far better in marketing than it really does in-sim. If you wish to add those things to your sim do not add them when using this outline and setting up FSX. Items like that add overhead and 'wild cards' to the render and that is the last thing you want when setting up and tuning FSX. My goal here is to impress the importance of being REALISTIC and learn to settle for what the hardware can run smooth on a minimal set of configuration file values, even if that means eliminating the eye candy that has nothing to do with a plane or its operation.

After that goal has been accomplished, if you wish to apply unrealistic scenery settings over outrageously stuffed 'eye candy' scenery products, apply shader hacks, add in things like SweetFX, ENB, or, apply some kind of FSX. Putnam ira adoption agreement of subject will help get you where you should be and need to be, first! You 'professional' developers who do this nonsense know who you are and it is high time someone with some clout and extensive background around this rendering engine and hardware told you just how ignorant your graphics production habits really are and how they really effect the sim and ultimately a users sanity.

I have a suggestion for you developers who do this. That way the user can decide how much nonsense they will personally put up with. You are being snookered by so called 'HD' texture marketing nonsense. If that is what you want to look at, then live with your decision because that is why you must run 2x Sparse Grid Super Sample or higher as well as why your performance tanks. If enough users who fully understood this got together and did not support it, the developers who release base addons with no other alternative would have no choice but to STOP the nonsense.

The graphics card design since the early 's and especially today is designed to effectively work with mip-mapping for high performance and high visual quality. The ESP render engine, regardless of if it will display above x, was NOT ever optimized to run above that resolutionnor run 32bit or turn off computer hibernate option real estate texture efficiently.

There are models in the FSX autogen system that are predefined in FSX that have issues which developers can not change. For example autogen trees the way they are made and rendered as well as some fences and certain building models which the developer could be using from the FSX database can shimmer and that is not the developers fault but any custom items they make or add textures to that does not have a DXT mip-mapped texture can 'hard' shimmer as you fly away from it or closer to it or view from a certain distance, and, will create performance issues regardless of anything you do.

I am not pointing fingers here but I have been silent for the most part about this subject for far too long and today I break my silence and address this in public. The second problem with Flight Simulator which perpetuates performance and visual crippling issues and has been around for over a decade is the developer or artists of freeware or payware who do not understand rendering engine and how to properly optimize models and especially graphics for the hardware and its technical ability.

That is a bold statement, and it is not a exaggeration! There are some developers who insist none of that matters or that it reduces image quality, they are flat out wrong. The quality is in how the artist MAKES the source texture for the resolution to be displayed and not rest solely on the resolution or the lack of mip-mapping. Furthermore, ALL textures regardless of scenery, AI, or addon aircraft turn off computer hibernate option real estate be DXT or DDS and mip-mapped with two exceptions: Interior aircraft or virtual cockpit textures, and, exterior night textures that are not 'light maps' and all DXT textures other than the two defined here, must be mip-mapped.

With modern hardware the 'performance' issues created by these poorly designed graphics are masked by the faster CPUs, video cards and memory products now available on the market but the performance problem is still present. What happens today, in example, is a user purchases a scenery product or aircraft and then installs it. It looks good in the marketing, but in-sim real time render the product displays 'hard' or 'twinkle' shimmering on the exterior of the model that user just cant seem to tweak out except with ridiculously high Transparency or other AA settings clue!

The user goes back to the developer and of course its not their scenery or plane! There ARE some predefined models in FSX that a developer can not control, but that is not what this issue is about. In order to correct these issues it requires knowledge in proper flight sim graphics production, a few developer tools and taking the time to review a scenery or aircraft products graphics files, one by one, and then if issues exist in the graphics, repair them one by one correctly.

This is what myself and MANY others who are aware of this problem have done for a decade with every addon we have obtained We verify it and repair if necessary, reducing the scale of the graphics and adding the mip-maps if required, and this is one of if not the primary reason some users even on older hardware and operating system do not have performance issues, did not need the latest operating system, did not need the latest processor running 4.

Sounds like a lot of work? There are a lot of people like myself who have been fixing these badly made addons when we get them and wish to use them in our simulators since FS9. We still do it today! There is no easy answer for that. The best way if you do not know or understand the technical part and want to learn is to locate someone who does and who will assist you in learning how to review addons before installing them or after if you think there is a problem and verify it for correct graphics engineering.

The problem will still be there. Distributors can not always control the QC part of the addons they offer. They are in business to make money and the ones that care about what they offer, even if they can not control the engineering of the product, will not stick you with the bill and offer a test period money back policy. Last but certainly not least is the code and the design of the rendering engine itself, its limitations and its inefficiencies in rendering.

I make this the THIRD primary reason for issues with Flight Simulator and not the FIRST because the first two items have manageability by users and developers, this one does not! With that, the code is all too often used as the 'excuse' instead of the real reason. People who run around and blame the code need to get real and stop putting the cart before the horse.

Flight Sim was designed a certain way and we can not change that, but what we can do is be SMART in how we use it and while we use it understand what it is that causes the problem we see on the screen and how to simplistically solve them. There is no such thing as an absolutely FLAWLESS running MS Flight Simulator. There will always be some point in a flight where a glitch or a stutter of some type will be seen. How frequent and with how much tenacity those turn off computer hibernate option real estate appear depend on everything from the hardware choices and setting up the system from the BIOS to the drivers, to user demand on scenery eye candy, to the addon scenery and payware aircraft manufacture QC for performance.

If you are looking for perfection you will never find it. The application is archaically coded and as such will never perform flawlessly in all circumstances and conditions, which change constantly moment to moment during a flight even with identical system hardware. Furthermore, there is NO FSX BENCHMARK on this planet that will define FSX performance. In order for any benchmark turn off computer hibernate option real estate to show practical data results it would require the FSX application have a 'BENCHMARK MODE" that removes the 'constantly changing" priority render system from FSX and demand the same exact data be rendered in every single benchmark run, data that is definitively defined by the programmer Aces which can be compared against the output result.

A GAME has a predefined scenery area map and does not alter render elements based on real world. This simulator in many ways is loading up the entire world when you boot it and what you see on the screen will change in identical flights even with identical weather, traffic and scenery settings. As such a game can be benchmarked, Microsoft Flight Simulator can not. I know some people recently are now raving about DX10 and how there have been fixes released by users for them.

I have a great deal of respect for Paul over at AVSIM as well as Steven for their work in that area. Of that, I will say this. The DX10 pipe is simply allowing more overhead and the real issues the user deals with in DX9 are still there, just masked. I do not use DX10, I have no use for DX10 because DX9 runs perfectly smooth on my systems and I do not like some of the "gotcha's" still present in DX10 such as seen when night flying as well as the somewhat cartoon look with respect to water.

That part is simply my personal opinion and preference. Once you have established a correctly running DX9 setup if you wish to add in the fixes and suggestions that they have provided, that is fine. If your sim runs smooth in DX9 it will also run smooth in DX The only difference is DX10 will allow 'Light Bloom' and higher water slider settings and shadows since the DX shader pipe is more efficient in DX10, that is all.

Since I do not care for the visual render quality of the default FSX light bloom effect and I have established my own water shader edits that make 2xLow water reflect far better in DX9, I have no need for DX10 although I do understand the attraction for many users to try it. If your goal is to run in DX10 mode then set up and establish DX9 first and BACK IT UP, and then if you wish to run DX10 move to it after establishing a safe backup of a working DX9 simulator.

I wish Paul, Steven and anyone else involved the best in their venture to improve the DX10 code left unfinished by Aces in FSX however I do not see 'all' the issues that preview feature still displays getting resolved as some of them are linked directly to the fact that DX10 was a short stepping stone for DX11 and backwards compatibility is always going to be a 'gotcha' with many addons. You can use this list with such systems but the limitations the motherboards and supporting components typically place on the hardware by the manufacture for cost cutting and profit margins can hinder the results dramatically.

If you are not someone who has the confidence to build turn off computer hibernate option real estate own tower you are FAR better off staying away from OEM computers and instead read the information provided below about hardware choices, then using a custom system builder, online or local is sometimes better, specify the parts to the builder and do not let them swap those parts with cheap replacements.

Make sure the list you provide specifies exact component model, speed and timing values and then upon receipt of the tower, confirm what you ordered is what you received using Windows software to verify the components installed. CPUz linked below will provide that information. Many times even the better system builders will not offer good memory selections and will sell you high timing memory at a outrageous price.

Memory is not that hard to replace even by someone who has never built a system. Memory is simply a matter of remove and swap out, making sure it is properly seated in the right memory slots on the motherboard and then a few BIOS setting changes. In a case where a system builder does not or will not offer decent quality memory but will provide the other specified components, buy the tower and have them build it with the cheapest cost memory they offer and then purchase new memory yourself and install it as soon as the tower arrives.

All you have to make sure of is that the motherboard you chose from the builder turn off computer hibernate option real estate in fact support the memory speed you wish to run and will replace their memory with. You will then need to make changes in the BIOS of the system to enable the new memory setup. The builder will provide a motherboard manual which outlines BIOS settings. Don't be afraid to learn about your system even if you did not build it.

If you are simply not willing to deal with anything technical, then seek professional assistance to help you though all the hardware installations and setting it up correctly in the BIOS of the computer. If you go into a soup kitchen looking for a free meal you on the street for a reason. I am going to start with a few statements I have read in forums over the years and then comment.

It will not matter to FSX. I can see anything less than FPS on my screen". This is the person who is lying through their teeth in order to try and make a point and the forums are full of these people. I do not do that anymore because I discovered there are far TOO MANY reinforced-concrete filled skulls in this world than there are sledgehammers available to crack them. So I gave up before I lost my sanity! Now lets move onward and upward Following this list before starting the optimize outline will clue you to many critical items that need to be addressed before you begin to optimize Windows.

These items will define the final result. Remember, a chain is only as strong as its weakest link, and this section is actually MORE IMPORTANT than the Windows 7 optimizing procedure! Some of them you may not be able to do anything about, such as hardware you have already purchased and can not afford to replace at this time or you may not be technically inclined enough to deal with a BIOS update.

What you should understand is where the 'weak link' is or could be in your system so as you go through this list you will come to understand what it is you may need to focus on replacing or upgrading or checking down the road. This list includes strategic methods of setting up the storage system for how you use Flight Simulator. Changes in 'method of delivery' with respect to the storage system and using the hardware you already own can make a big difference by itself!

The Preflight checklist is a key element to success. Past the hardware choices section, your goal is to review the information carefully in each section and make changes to your system based on the information provided. The Windows and storage system optimizing process has a direct connection to the preflight checklist. The changes you make based on the preflight list will define the level of success at the end of the optimization process.

Be very aware of that. I was going to post this document months ago but instead decided to hold its release until the latest round of hardware hit the market and I could properly test it. In that, your hardware choices just got a lot easier. This is a subject is that turn off computer hibernate option real estate a lot of controversy and opinions on the internet. What I am going to post here cuts through all the nonsense and gets right down to the meat and potatoes.

FSX does not require top-shelf server and military grade hardware to obtain good results, however, the better the hardware, the better the result. If the goal is to obtain excellent results running very large 'eye candy' scenery and aircraft addons turn off computer hibernate option real estate one must purchase the right hardware, there is no shortcut or low-budget way around it and given how some scenery developers do not care how much they pile into their products, even then you may find your system will struggle if you simply can't bring yourself to drop a slider setting.

You can however make sure that you are in the best situation possible to render a flight and if you are on a limited budget that we place the funds into the right matched components regardless of the limitations they may display, the goal would be to obtain the best result possible with the class of hardware you can afford.

Hardware choices can be confusing and if an individual is not well educated on the subject. What I will provide below is a set of very simple guidelines to follow. Hardware changes about every nine to twelve months and there can be rare exceptions to rules however if you follow a well considered set of guidelines when selecting components you should find yourself in an excellent flight-sim position to start and build from.

THREE BASIC RULES TO FOLLOW WHEN BUYING NEW HARDWARE There are some basic rules I suggest people follow before they push the BUY button on newly released hardware. RULE 1: Be aware that when we purchase 1st generation zero-day release motherboards or video adapters they can come with new-product issues. If you are not somewhat tech savvy this could present an issue for you. RULE 2: Do not purchase hardware with the thought that you will upgrade with better hardware in 6 months to a year.

RULE 3: Do not daydream about what is coming a year from now. It usually gets delayed and between now and then sitting there wishing and waiting will only provide another year of frustrations. New release hardware can have manufacture design flaws that get fixed in the 2nd manufacture run of the product OR some kind of compatibility issue between devices is present the manufacture needs time to correct.

The Sandy Bridge motherboards that were recalled back in are a prime example of manufacture design screw-ups and there are many more examples I can site. Being someone who has been around the high-tech industry for almost 50 years I can say without reservation that we are all are paying for research and development when we run out and buy that new product on day-one of release, and the hardware manufactures love us for it, but then we get to play with the goodies first too!

IMPORTANT: Buy a next generation video adapter and slide it into a older release motherboard, you could be asking for trouble and even if there are no issues with the product working in the systemI do not know how turn off computer hibernate option real estate times I have seen people assume that a new release video card is not much better than the old one it replaced simply because the motherboard was not designed for the new technology or has issues, or, the drivers are not ready for prime time and the user effectively spreads false rumors about the device out of complete ignorance.

Even if there are no design issues, most likely drivers for any new hardware are in their infancy. If you are not 'tech-savvy' give new hardware a good few months on the market and check up on it through reliable hardware review and support sites before hitting the BUY button. It is far better to buy a motherboard that was released at the same time or well after a new video adapter core design hits the market and make sure that new video card has gone through at least one or two driver releases usually months Sometimes a good source for information can be the direct support forum for the manufacture of the product.

Keeping in mind customers are not experts and may not understand an issue may not be caused by the product but you can scout the manufacture support forums for common issues related to new release hardware and look for the 'gotcha' before purchasing. If users buy with the thought that they can save money now and then upgrade in 6 months to a year, not only will they spend MORE than they ever would have if they had simply purchased the right components outright, but a user WILL sit there in a never ending state of frustration that grows and builds as they add more-and-more complex scenery and aircraft to their sim.

With technology available today if the right components are purchased from the start, one can expect to use and enjoy that system for at least 3 to 4 years. People should consider the right purchases an investment in their sanity and pleasure for that time period. There are people who go out and buy the latest and greatest every development cycle. You may read all types of reports about such hardware in forums. Bottom Line: You are far better off planning, saving and purchasing the right parts at the right time and enjoying that purchase for the long haul.

And finally, there is always something new and improved in hardware coming down the road. When dealing with buying new generation hardware, do research the purchases and if all looks good set a goal for a purchase date based on new hardware release date and if design issues do not appear in a reasonable amount of time follow through with your purchase and don't daydream about what is coming in months.

There are two ways you can approach hardware choices and win with FSX. What you must understand is the FSX application is so demanding that if you purchase the lesser grade hardware you will have to accept what that hardware will allow. At the end of this hardware section there will be a section for the low budget user. What I would suggest is that if you fall in that category you read and review the information below all the way through and that way you too may educate yourself on what it takes to build a system for Flight Simulator X and really get something out of the application for the money spent.

After that, review the section about budget builds and then make the decision as to what you may be able to afford. In this process you may find out you can afford a bit more than you think. Sometimes a little more spent in the right place goes a long way but one thing you do not want to do is mix the cheap hardware with the better quality goods. That could actually make FSX run worse since there is a fine balance between the CPU and video card that must be kept in check.

It will also includes a guide to modify C0 release Haswell processors at the cap to obtain clock speeds of up to MHz on air that section is only for experienced users. As of this date it is still under production but will be completed soon. If you want the goods and you want it NOW, the list above is the way to go as of the date of posting this outline. However as many of my past outlines lived online for years in which the list above will become outdated, and, there are those of you who are going to be budget limited this next section will help address those situations for you.

So here is how to shop today or in the future: 1. Skip AMD and purchase a Modern Intel Processor that would be Haswell at this posting and do not go for the cheaper class i. If you have an older processor and can not upgrade at this time I have listed the processor below that work well in FSX even if they are older, however the newer the processor, the better the result and Haswell has taken that to an entire new level.

Six core processors can provide a better experience than 4 however that is only true if you are comparing a 6 and 4 core of the SAME CLASS of processor, not processors of the past compared to new. Larger processor cache is better for FSX 4. Highest default clock speed if you do not intend to overclock very important NOTE: Serious flight sim users should always consider overclocking to at least 4. FSX will perform far better at 4GHz and above. If you intend to overclock a lower default processor speed is OK but do not skimp on the cache or the grade.

You will usually find the larger cache processors also sport the fastest default CPU speed. IMPORTANT: When selecting a processor and deciding on overclocking be sure to purchase the correct video card for the CPU quality you purchase and the CPU speed you intend to run. The CPU and video card go hand-in-hand when it comes to FSX. AMD in FSX - Ridiculous subject, Intel wins in FSX.

However I will say this. Just stay with the right i7 Intel solution and let the silly fan-boys duke it out. Purchase the higher class i7 processor for FSX and not the cheaper budget class processor. You do not need an 'Extreme' class Intel processor as these are reserved for deep-pocket users and you can obtain results with the non-extreme class processor. There are advantages to the Extreme processors as those chips are the cream of the crop speed-bin quality control but those advantages with the cost typically USD will never be recovered in FSX performance.

If you have the money and wish to play, go for it. Intel i7 K Ivy Bridge - PCIe 3. Intel i7,and, hex core series - PCIe 2. Even though a early revision of PCIe 3. My test show that if it is enabled, it appears it may not function at its full potential. That is the part the MS marketing engine left out when it was announced how many cores FSX would run on.

Based on the terrain threads being processed, past 6 cores and the user is very much beginning to throw money out the window although with 6 core there is still an advantage but do NOT select a older 6 core processor over a newer class quad! A quad core should be the minimum number for cores used for FSX. In the future if 6 core processors become a norm for the non-extreme class offering, then go for the 6 over the quad. Although 8 core non-extreme class solutions could also become a norm in the future, anything over 8 cores, based on how much data FSX is threading really is a 'total' waste of money.

Purchasing dual 'server' type processors and motherboards are efficiently throwing money out the window. Although under certain scenery conditions one could see small improvements, its not worth the extraordinary cost. Do understand that although FSX SP2 and Acceleration are multicore aware and will run threads, those extra threads are reserved to terrain and autogen calls. The first available core of the processor is what FSX will use to run the bulk of the code, therefore the faster the CPU speed and more efficient the processor per clock cycle, the better the FSX result which is why overclocking is very popular with Flight Sim users.

It works, but done improperly it can also cause heat and error related performance issues. Its code is very poorly optimized and places a ludicrous strain on the communication between the memory and CPU. Unlike typical games a larger processor cache is in fact beneficial to FSX as the application is constantly poling the CPU and memory addresses for data. If the processor is engineered for optimal cache performance, that adds to the benefit. As the system is used physical memory addresses are stored in the CPU cache.

When a user is building a system with the intention of clocking the right hardware selections can make all the difference. Any experienced Flightsim user knows that overclocking a CPU will in fact increase the potential to render a visually sharper and smoother image with more complex addon scenery and aircraft. Its not a requirement but it will produce a better result with the application. Overclocking is both a science and an art however in recent years it has become less technically complicated to overclock a processor safely using automated motherboard functions.

There are many websites out there that address overclocking. If you intend or wish to overclock then when making hardware selections research the overclock ability and method of the hardware motherboard and CPU first. There can be boards on the market that are easier to clock than others. Also make sure you can COOL that processor and system with the right heatsink or cooling solution as well as the right tower choice for airflow.

Better cooling can make all the difference even with a low-end clock! This is one area people screw-up big-time and they do not realize it. You must pair the processor power in use with the right video adapter or you will effectively bottleneck your system in FSX as you add more and more complex addons. Decide now what processor and processor speed you intend to run and keep that in mind when shopping video cards.

You WILL shoot yourself in the foot if you try any bargain-basement option buy cheap now with plans to upgrade later when paring the CPU and the video card. If you do not intend to overclock the CPU, or, you may only clock very low then usually the Intel supplied heatsink will work. DO be aware that the Intel supplied unit is NOT designed for high efficiency and even with no clocking or very low clocking that processor will run far hotter than with a 3rd party replacement of some type.

Self contained liquid systems are becoming more and more popular. I tend to shy away from liquid for a few reasons. These reasons are my personal preference and should not influence your decision but I do wish to let them be known. Most liquid systems are not quieter and are actually louder than many air cooling solutions. I demand silence around my towers when they are run for normal everyday use and even when they are under render loads I do not like excessive fan noise.

Liquid systems have radiators with fans that must be powerful enough to push air through the fins of the radiator. These fans can be far louder than many air coolers at both idle and under stress. Maintenance with liquid can be a pain and there is simply something about the term 'liquid' and 'electronics' that simply does not ring my bell! I have tried liquid, I really liked the temps! But hated the noise as well as had to deal with a connection that started leaking a tiny amount.

OK now, on the flip side, liquid systems if they are made well and maintained can in fact keep a CPU cooler than air, no question about that. Leaks are not common although they can occur and many people use liquid now as opposed to air even for un-clocked or low clocked systems. I can also pass on that if you intend to clock with Haswell above 4. Having said that, for air cooling there are 2 classes of replacement cooling solutions, the typical medium duty which can be used for none or low clocking such as the Zalman product lines and the 'super cooler' such as the Noctua DH or the Thermalright Archon SB-E x2.

There are others in both classes. What you need to watch out for with any air cooler is the size of the unit with the fans mounted and how far over the memory slots those fans extend. With air coolers such as the Noctua DH the fans WILL block the first and sometimes 2nd memory slot, meaning, you can NOT use 'high-back' heatsink memory in such a setup. The Thermalright Archon SB-E x2 does NOT block any memory slot with its fans.

So when shopping for air coolers do be aware of the memory slots and not only ease of access to them, but more important better memory usually comes with high-back heatsinks turn off computer hibernate option real estate which some air coolers can limit that choice. I really do not suggest any clocking, even low end clocking, be done on the Intel supplied heatsink unit. Users who intend to low-clock should probably consider a replacement that will work better than the Intel provided unit.

There are low-end liquid solutions available such as the Corsair H60 that will work magnolia little gem hedging forex such setups. You just have to remember, you are not going to be running 4. ATI Video Adapters: I will not discuss or address ATi video cards in this document.

Nvidia is the GO-TO card for FSX. If you use ATi with FSX and want 'the works' on the screen you may very likely end up being forced to install hacked shader files 3. The hack is not full support for Shader 3. Do not install that shader hack with a Nvidia video adapter! I am not a fan-boy as Best book on forex trading 3000 was an ATi user at one time just as I was a AMD processor user before Intel released the Core2 series processors and crushed AMD with Flight Sim performance.

This part is really simple as I have outlined not only what to buy, but how to upgrade a system based on what works and what doesn't. First, there are a few basic rules before buying a video card: 1. Dual Core Video Adapters: one card with two GPU cores will NOT improve FSX and can even make FSX run worse! Purchase a single core video card. Professional 3D Video Adapters: such as Nvidia Quadro will not run FSX better than the standard game market video cards.

They are made for professional 3D modeling graphics power and will have no influence on FSX or games. They are a total waste of money for a typical user. Multiple Card Systems: SLi will not make FSX run better, only provide higher filtering support for very large resolutions. SLi is an expensive money hole for FSX and it is not very well supported by the title. If you intend to run SLi for other games run FSX in single card mode and do remember with 2 cards in the system and poorly considered motherboard purchase you can effectively reduce the link width and performance of the primary card down to x8 PCIe.

Matching it Up: Selecting the right video adapter for the platform is just as important to FSX as selecting the right processor, and matching their performance levels. Video Memory: for single monitor systems should be at least 1. There is nothing else to say about 1 and 2. Its strait forward, don't purchase those cards. Remember, there is no such thing as a free lunch with FSX.

The more you draw and the higher the resolution, the more it costs. Multiple card users must be sure the motherboard they select: a. Will not neuter the primary card slot down from x16 to x8 or x4 PCIe lanes b. Will not create an excessive drag on the system from running very low PCIe lane link width. The CPU can deal with the cards as well as the scenery and displays being rendered. The motherboard selection for such systems is extremely critical.

Many motherboards do not support full PCIe link width when more than one video card slot is used. They can also turn off other PCIe x4 and x1 ports you may require for addon cards. You must research the motherboard very carefully if you intend to run more than one video card in a system and to be quite frank, I would not even consider SLi for FSX. Using a 2nd card for monitors is one thing, using it for SLi in FSX is not smart and its costly.

We are talking about a FSX tower here, not a "multi-game' tower. If your goal is to play other games and use FSX as well and you want to run SLi setups you will have to take the good with the bad in that. Dedicated FSX towers should not be setup for SLi. This is not hard to do if ask yourself a simple question with respect to the selected CPU and desired CPU speed. NOTE: if you are running 4.

It will NOT match a GTX at all. You could even recycle your old GTX but if you are building new and you want what this processor and system has to offer then do not neuter the Haswell and go with the GTX at any CPU speed. This is the first Intel processor that does not bottleneck the with highest end video card on the market running with a lower CPU speed and the is the best card for this processor.

This processor can easily deal with a GTX but at lower CPU speeds and on a budget the cards outlined will also work. It can be used since the older model cards are phased out. A GTX is in many ways better that a as it is PCIe 2. Turn off computer hibernate option real estate currently running series processors and systems should seriously consider a 'full system' upgrade. The Titan card should be reserved for the deep-pocket user. Super-clocked s can be purchased that are fine for the job, certified by the manufacture and require no dangerous user clock changes.

That is what I purchased, the SC model. It effectively runs Titan performance. The only thing a GTX can not do over the Titan is provide the same high video memory frame buffer support and even turn off computer hibernate option real estate, that is a lot of money for a much larger frame buffer. The GTX comes with 3GB of video memory. That should handle multi-monitor setups but if you are deep-pocketed and intend to run a huge array of monitors you can bump up to the Titan I can't say that will make a difference for you or not, That is because I have created this outline to make sure you get the benefit of my extensive experience and background and if you decide to upgrade you will actually get something of value for your money with FSX instead of frustration.

My advice is stay clear of those cards with FSX using the processors and the processor speeds outlined above. You can take that advice or turn off computer hibernate option real estate it. If you leave it, good luck. The budget video card effectively ruins the advancements the CPU may provide and user simply do not know what they have done to their system.

The card may score great in a benchmark but the user has no idea what they did neutered the rest of the system. When selecting a motherboard there are 6 primary questions to answer: 1. Does the board support the processor and addon cards or devices you intend to run? Is the board of current design and was it designed before the video adapter was released?

Does the board support the PCIe link width your processor and video card allow 2. If multiple video cards are desired does the board support full PCIe link width for more than one slot? If you intend to overclock and most serious FSX user will Does the board have good chipset and voltage regulator cooling? Is the board design with high quality voltage regulation and filtering? To simplify this, if you do not intend to run multiple video cards and wish to clock above 4. All you need to do is verify the features and what you need support for.

You are a very proficient overclocker and intend to run exceptionally high CPU speeds with exceptionally high speed enthusiast memory products. In this case and if you actually Rbi forex trading guidelines management understand advanced BIOS setups and clocking, then the more expensive "full size and full featured" ROG class Asus boards would be better suited for your needs. These boards are built with top of the line components and made specifically for this type of use.

Those who don't understand advanced BIOS setups and who should not be trying to run enthusiast class memory speeds or CPU clocks and purchase such boards thinking they will get better performance, are fooling themselves and spending a lot of money for nothing. These boards are made for pro's not amateurs or typical FSX users who clock. You would be buying a pretty paint job if the board is not going to be used as intended.

A user who intends to build a game system that will be running many games other than FSX and who needs multiple video card support for SLi or who needs extended support for higher end storage device PCIe devices running with multiple video cards, or a workstation. In your case, I honestly think you should build 2 towers, one for your SLi games or work and one for FSX, none the less, you will need either the more advanced multi-PCIe lane ROG board or the "Workstation" class board that allows higher PCIe link width for 2 or more video cards and other PCIe devices.

Mini boards can be used if they are of high quality but I will warn about this selection: Smaller means LESS HEAT can be dissipated quickly. Typically these boards are better suited for the college student dorm room or for the user who is making a home entertainment system and requires good performance in a very small space but will accept the limitations the smaller board may exhibit.

Clocking these boards putting a baby up for adoption in arkansas razorback produce heat and the last thing you want is more heat and less efficiency in getting it off the components. I usually suggest the Asus line of motherboards. The Asus BIOS is usually very easy to navigate and the boards tend to have a track record for ease of use and stability. That does not mean you must buy Asus.

There are other manufactures of boards on the market and users sometime become accustom to dealing with one company. What you should very clearly understand is the SAME holds true for any motherboard company: The CHEAPER the board, the LESS you get in component quality, cooling and features. Don't be a fool, buy a motherboard for stability and long life use. SYSTEM MEMORY One of the most overlooked and underrated aspects of system building is proper memory speed and timing.

Regardless of the nonsense you may read about memory specifications and games or FSX DO NOT skimp on this area! Physical memory timing and speed quality does not effect FPS 'greatly' but firmly improves scenery loading and visual flight smoothness. FSX does not need more than 6GB - 8GB of physical memory! Be aware, adding more memory is not going to net you any better performance and if you do add more you may find that memory will run higher latency or could be unstable in a high CPU clock turn off computer hibernate option real estate. Your ecn forex account us of Windows must support the amount of memory you intend to use as well.

Windows 7 Home x64 is restricted to 8GB max. Memory is specified in speed and timing. The lower, the faster. Cycle Time the last number does have an influence on the overall memory speed and it is always best to go for a lower value, however Cycle Time is not as critical to memory performance as are the other values therefore I have not included the Cycle Time value in the list below. Here is a list of memory timing per speed a user should strive for.

Lower timing memory is typically expensive and hard to find, which is what you pay for. The timing values shown in parentheses above are what you should use when shopping for memory at the defined speed. Older systems such as series processor will typically struggle to run any memory speed above Sandy Bridge will runno problem, but may struggle to run Ivy Bridge will run but will usually struggle above that speed and finally, Haswell will run memory speeds from Haswell can run memory speeds far above if the user knows what they are doing and the motherboard is designed for that purpose ROG.

I do not suggest this unless you are experienced with clocking. When we look for a memory speed upgrade we try to keep the same CAS if possible and if a higher number is required we try to move at LEAST MHz higher in DRAM FREQUENCY or DDR3 speed before we take the next higher value for CAS. That's not easy to do unless we are talking coming from DDR3 C9 to That is why C9 from to is a good bump as long as the other values are no higher than You are basically moving MHz higher with little change to the timing going from to and no change to the CAS!

Many times these changes require memory voltage and DRAM system changes and sometimes require voltage changes at the CPU IMC. Sometimes they can be made without voltage bumps but any change in memory speed, timing or both must BE FULLY LOAD TESTED TO ENSURE STABILITY. Either one will make a difference, the turn off computer hibernate option real estate of the two typically having the most impact but also the most difficult to change and remain stable.

Changing these one or both is usually where trimming occurs. Its also possible the memory may run a bit higher speed with the manufacture spec timing. In example, raising DDR3 to DDR3 with a slight voltage bump from 1. Raising this voltage from 1. The only requirement is the memory be certified to run that voltage and not damage the turn off computer hibernate option real estate regulator.

POWER SUPPLY This subject is very simple in terms of how much power you need for the system you intend to run. Where it can get a bit complicated is trying to convey the importance of QUALITY in the design of a power supply and especially in systems where high-end components are desired with high clocking stability. Cheap power supplies display something you can not see; ripple and poor regulation in the electronics, which can destabilize a system and reduce a systems ability to maintain higher stable clocks.

More important is the fact that they also run HOTTER which means their components break down and fail faster and they take the system with them in that process! Just like with a motherboard the 1 killer of any electronic component is heat. Cheap fuel for your car is cheap for a reason, power supplies are no different. Cheap designed power supplies deliver less 'stable' power and they can make the inside of a tower far hotter than it needs to be which along with the poor voltage regulation and filtering will run every other component in that tower hotter, including the memory and CPU, through the juice it supplies and reduce the stability and the life of those components as well.

You should chose a power supply based on what it is you intend to do. If your goal is running a lot of drives with top-end processors and video adapters in a high clocked environment then this purchase can make all the difference between a COOL and STABLE system and one that gives you nothing but trouble under a load.

The watt rating does not define the quality. You can have watts of poorly designed power supply that runs a clocked system unstable in FSX and a watt unit that will deliver far more stability and cooler temps and run a clocked system without a glitch. Quality is based on the manufacture engineering design and the components in use and just like that better motherboard, better power supplies are not cheap. How much power do you need: This is the easy part. For any single video card systems I highly suggest a watt power supply.

For those who will be running two video cards then a good watt PSU is what you need to look for. Past two video cards, the watt monster may be required. They come along every once in a while but they are few and far between. Sometimes they can be on sale for as low as USD but be very weary of any watt power supply that sells for dollars or less. Here are a few items you should look for: a. Look for that specification. Make sure the power supply has all the plugs you need for the build. Sometimes they can short you proper power connectors, or, one power supply may have a limited number of a certain type of power plug you need such as SATA power or PCIe.

They can have SHORT leads that may require extensions. Select a company known for or that has a track record for excellent quality. I can suggest Seasonic power supplies as well as the mid and upper end Corsair power supplies. That is not to say the rest are bad. Silverstone has been known to make great units too. It is possible to get a defect from any company regardless of their reputation. The important factor is the quality of the design and how clean and cool that unit will run even under the most demanding load.

The better power supplies are very quiet and that is another sign of quality, if the fan in the unit is blowing like a tornado under moderate loads running Flight Sim the power supply is being driven nearly to its max and the components are probably cooking hot which is why the fan is running so darn high! A good power supply is hardly noticed running even when the CPU and video card is cranking a benchmark render load. Better quality power supplies with good designs in the watt range typically run around USD.

The better units go up from there. Most users can obtain the mid-cost range PSU from a good manufacture and it will work A-OK. You users who want to clock to the hills on the fastest CPU speed and the highest memory speeds with the top-dog video cards better 'pony-up' for the high-end power supplies if you are looking for top-end stability.

These usually start at about dollars and go up from there for watt units. As a FYI, I personally selected the Corsair AXi digital PSU for my Haswell build. Their AX standard series is just as dependable as the AXi digital and costs about US dollars less. If I just put together a system shopping list in which I invested the funds into the better components with the goal of clocking and high stability, WHY would I want to put all those components in a tower that could run them hot or force me to run lower clock speeds?

The tower should never be purchased based on lights, bling, the finish or the paint job it should be purchased based on the environment you are in and your goals in running stable in the clock you intend to run. Remember heat is enemy 1 and the more efficient the airflow in, across the components and back out, the better that system will run and the longer it will last.

Same goes for the cheap steel or plastic towers. Select a tower that will provide the cooling support you require for what you intend to do. Those who do not clock at all can get away with less efficiency in cooling. Do note that most towers come with cheap fans that although work, they are usually not high quality volume pushing design.

You may find the fans that come with the tower will do the job you require, however if you are attempting to run high clocks on AIR, you may want to consider upgrading all the tower fans. Modding a case is not required but it can be done if required. There is no such thing as a high performance air heatsink-fan unit clocking tower that is too big with too many fans. That larger tower is a blessing when clocking. You can always control fan speeds through the BIOS or Windows software based on CPU temp.

The Cooler Master HAF series is a good base for a reasonable price. There are other choices, be smart about what you choose and take a careful look at their designs. DUST FILTERS: I do not use them. My environment has a central air system that includes electronic dust removal. Even with that I must clean my tower once a year which includes removing the video card, taking the cover off the card and cleaning the heatsink and fan. I know some people have issues with dust but be very aware that dust filters can significantly reduce airflow in a clocking tower and limit the clock.

If you can do without them and simply perform maintenance a little more often the tower will breathe much easier. You must make that call based on the tower environment and how often cleaning is required. Where you use your system can make a difference in how cool it runs. Take for instance the user who is pushing MHz and who places their tower in a room on the 2nd floor of the house where the western sun hits that house most of the afternoon and the early evening.

On top of that the user has the tower sitting under a desk. This room ambient temp is most likely far warmer than any other room in the house. Ambient room temperature drives the temp of the components and how efficiently the CPU cooler works. Every 3 degrees less in ambient can mean a lot to a clocked tower. If it is your goal to clock, or, simply for far less fan noise, select a location that is temp-friendly for your system. Do not crowd a tower under a desk where the heat builds up as it is expelled from the tower, let it breathe so it does not recalculate that warm air right back in again.

THE BUDGET SYSTEM: ECONOMICS SOMETIMES DRIVES THE BUILD As I mentioned at the beginning of this chapter, I am not insensitive to this nor am I pushing anyone to buy hardware they simply can not afford. Be very aware that with budget hardware you will be limited with results and must accept those limitations. Exceed those limits with scenery settings and addons that overdrive the hardware and you will be looking at a blurry or stutter mess on that screen with poor clarity and image quality.

I will not go into laptops here. Laptops are not graphics crunching systems. Although they may have mobile graphics adapters those devices are small in size and size does matter when it comes to rendering in FSX. Laptops may be able to run games but they will turn off computer hibernate option real estate be exceptionally limited when it comes to running FSX. It can be done but it is not suggested. There are users who are not interested in flying very complicated payware aircraft over exceptionally detailed scenery and simply wish to enjoy FSX the best they can using the default planes or low impact scenery.

When working with a seriously reduced budget and if you are willing to accept the limitations you can get good results as long as you put the money into the right parts. These parts will in no way match the ability of the components listed above but they will allow you to run FSX and enjoy what it can offer. Your goal in parts selection is basically the same as the user who places higher priority into the hardware for FSX. You will simply be selecting the less expensive parts.

That is why I outlined you should review the information outlined above, so you understand where to put the money and how to get the most out of the purchase in FSX. As newer generation processors are released Intel typically produces a budget version of their CPUs. What you do not want turn off computer hibernate option real estate do is purchase the lowest end version of a CPU, i. You will want a quad core processor. Alternately if you can afford a older class processor such as a Sandy Bridge K that may be on their way out of production but need to cut back on the video card due to cost, this can be done as long as you are not or do not intend to clock that processor above 4.

Just remember that when you do something like this you may get the higher end CPU but its one that is now DATED and will run slower than the newer processor at the same clock speed. System Memory: There is no difference between a budget system CPU and a the higher class CPUs when it comes to memory speed and timing. You still want the highest speed with the lowest timing possible, however the selection of memory can be limited if the motherboard does not support higher memory speeds.

As we move into the next generation of computer hardware memory speeds are going to increase dramatically and that means the budget motherboards will allow increase in memory speed as well. With modern budget motherboards the faster memory speeds are now being made available but you must also consider stability with such boards even if they 'market' them with a memory speed option. Just because any motherboard is advertised and listed as "OC DDR3 " does NOT MEAN you will be able to run that speed!

Its marketing and the only speed that motherboard company must guarantee is the Intel spec for the processor itself, typically DDR3 DDR3 max. A decent modern budget board and processor should be able to run DDR3 timing memory no problem, so as of the date of posting that will be your target memory speed and timing. Match the card with the processor ability and speed.

If you are purchasing a modern budget Intel processor then you should match that with a similar generation budget Nvidia video card. What you must be careful of in this selection is choosing too LOW of a grade in video card for the processor and effectively bottleneck the card. In this case and with today's offerings its not that hard to choose. The GTX Ti and the GTX would be the current cards to buy.

Both are PCIe 3. The being the better choice. In the future as we move into the next generation of video adapters and budget builds you should turn off computer hibernate option real estate look to the 3rd class series turn off computer hibernate option real estate Nvidia video cards. Typically there are 3 primary classes, the flagship which in today's case is the GTXthe intermediate which is today the GTX and last the budget class with a punch, the GTX Purchasing a video card of lower quality and design than the 3rd class Nvidia product would be a mistake as even on a budget you need to maintain a defined level of performance in order to run FSX and match the CPU ability.

Motherboards: Again, this selection is no different than if you are shopping for a high-performance board. They have less engineering design and lower grade components placed on these boards because they are not meant to be used for high-end clocking or very high memory speed stability. Shop based on what features the board offers that you require in support of addon cards or devices. If you intend to low-end clock, look for the budget board that has good size heatsinks and other cooling devices mounted on the components.

Don't by a board based on a pretty paint job, buy it based on the support you need for devices and the thermal transfer component quality. Clocking budget systems: Many of the budget board are able to clock a processor too. With a modern processor and modern budget boards a user can typically run a 4. Heat is the 1 enemy to component life and stability.

If you wish to clock a budget system be reasonable with the clock and the expectations around that clock. REMEMBER: You get what you pay for if you know how to use it! If you do not understand anything about hard drives or hard drive technology all you need to know is what is in these key statements which target every possible scenario in setting up a system for efficient and effective file delivery. Some are no better and can run slower than some high-end mechanical drives. Research your SSD purchase carefully and do remember, you will usually get what you pay for with SSD.

With mechanical drives defragmenting services can take time and the more data on them the longer that maintenance can take. FEX-REX-GEX-AS -- These are all database applications that SEND files to FSX. They do not have to be installed into the Windows partition or FSX! They have very large numbers of texture files which can take up gigs of drive space. When installing the applications into Windows there is no reason to install them to a Windows drive or a FSX drive.

Point the installers to a separate storage drive. The applications will work exactly the same when you launch and use them and simply send files to FSX except you are not eating drive space on performance disks to store them! IF YOU HAVE ENOUGH DISK SPACE, PLACE FSX AND ALL THE ADDONS THAT MUST INSTALL 'DIRECTLY INTO' FSX ON ONE HIGH END SATA OR PCIe SSD OR MULTIPLE SSD'S BUT KEEP IT SEPARATE FROM WINDOWS.

It is important to go through the system and take a good look at the connections to the hardware making sure they are correct and secure without lose connections. Make sure to review the motherboard manual carefully while building. Many times users get tripped up when it comes to the installation of video adapters and how the ports share resources and can force a x16 PCIe video card to be neutered down to x8.

SATA cables for SATAIII drives need to be made for that specification and not use old SATAII cables that you may have laying around. Wires and wiring hanging all over the inside of the tower can not only block airflow but create dead-spots with respect to turbulence inside the tower effectively reducing the efficiency of the fan system of the tower.

A tower should be neat and tidy inside to allow that air to get in, move across the electronics, and be effectively removed without obstructions. Wire ties and sticky-back retainers can be used and better towers have space for cable stowage. I stow that coil on the bottom in the unused hard drive slot at the very bottom of the tower.

You can use this list to optimize a 32bit version of Windows 7. However is it highly recommended that for a Flight Sim performance system that only a 64bit version of Windows 7 be used. You must be sure to purchase the right version of Windows for your system needs in physical memory support. Turn off computer hibernate option real estate than GB of physical memory will not make Flight Sim run better or remove out of memory issues with FSX.

Furthermore, if you are building a multi-socket CPU tower This is two physical CPU's, and not multicore single CPU chips there are limitations in Windows for that as well. You must be using the higher end versions of Windows for such systems as the lower versions only support ONE physical CPU chip. Server type multi-CPU socket systems server grade will NOT provide very much in FSX nor will you ever recover the outrageous cost of such a system for Flight sim use. Multi-monitor setups can be tricky when it comes to tuning Flight Sim.

Your ultimate goal will be to apply your displays and enjoy what they have to offer but before you apply the additional graphic display load to the system the goal is optimize and setup Flight Simulator, and then tune it on a single display setup first. REASON: Just as we build scenery layers in the Flight Sim scenery library so one scenery overlays another correctly and then we visually verify that build, we want to tune Flight Sim for multi-monitor use with the same consideration.

Once you have successfully setup Flight Sim and have it running smooth with your addons on one monitor, you will then move to adding the next hardware layer to FSX. By using logical steps you will see issues that the additional hardware layer has added and you will know immediately that any performance or other problems that appear are directly related to the additional hardware layer, and not something you initially missed in setting up and tuning Flight Sim.

At that point and turn off computer hibernate option real estate any hardware or driver issues are not in play, all you should need to do is make a few simple changes to the Flight Sim scenery slider settings and perhaps one or two minor edits the FSX. Slamming a array of monitors onto the system and going at a tuning session is not a wise way to approach multi-monitor use.

There is no way to define if performance issues are related to the extended hardware layer or if its centered in the original sim build itself. Start with one monitor, the primary display you intend to use as the center monitor and do not enable or any other monitors for FSX at this time. BIOS Updates can be important. If you are using a motherboard that has a very old BIOS it is possible there have been performance and stability updates to that BIOS.

Check the motherboard manufactures website in the support area for the motherboard and see if you are using a old BIOS, if new BIOS's are offered and if they address performance or stability in the BIOS update description. If they do, upgrading the BIOS can be an important step to success with the hardware, clocking and Flight Simulator. WARNING: If you find your current BIOS is old and a new one is available, and, you do not feel comfortable updating a BIOS then seek professional assistance with a BIOS flash upgrade!

The motherboard manual will outline the process to upgrade the BIOS. In example, many DDR3 1. A user can also manually input the correct values. AHCI or IDE modes. NOTE: This BIOS system setting must be changed and set correctly before Windows is installed to the hard drive. When we install Windows clean to a SSD with AHCI set in the BIOS, the install from the Windows DVD changes Windows setup specifically for SSD operation which goes far past a single registry edit.

The SATA Configuration in the motherboard BIOS may be set to IDE -or- AHCI by default. You must verify this in the BIOS before installing Windows. AHCI is required to enable both NCQ and TRIM support for top SSD performance regardless of if you are using mechanical drives in the system as well. If you have no SSD drives or do not need hot-swap support setting the SATA Configuration to IDE will run those mechanical drives without the office network wait-state commands NCQ will invoke with AHCI.

SPECIAL NOTE: Being on AHCI as compared to IDE with a mechanical when you have SSD and mechanicals mixed is not going to drive the mechanical performance into the GROUND Anything that helps is better. Hot swap is a feature that allows a user to change drives other than the Windows driveremove them and swap ports, etc while Windows is booted and the system is running.

AHCI is required to safely disable a drive so it can be removed and swapped out while Windows is booted and the system is running. Without this support if a drive is disconnected with the system running it can result in drive damage, motherboard SATA port damage, corruption of data or any one or combination of those. If you do not swap hard drives while a system is running and have no need for this support, then simply configure the SATA system based on SSD or mechanical drives in use as outlined above before installing Windows.

Do not skip this step! Regardless of if you built your tower or purchased a pre-built unit, failure to verify the memory modules in a system are free of manufacture defect as turn off computer hibernate option real estate as stable after a CPU overclock is one of the primary mistakes users will make. Modern Intel processors will ERROR CORRECT memory related errors if more than one stick or module of memory is installed in a system.

That means you could run test after test with different memory testing and overclocking load test software and never know your system suffers from a unstable or defective stick of memory, OR, your memory is fine when the system is not overclocked, but the memory modules are unstable when you clock the CPU. Anyone with newer CPUs including Ivy BridgeSandy Bridge E and Haswell should be using version 5 of Memtest and it covers all processors of the past.

The latest version of Memtest v5. Burn a disk with mt You can review the release notes. NOTE: Motherboards on the market can define different settings for USB stick booting and because of that I can not define the settings in your specific BIOS for USB stick boot. Check the motherboard manual if you wish to use a USB stick over burning a CD. Power down and remove all but ONE memory module from the system. Make sure this module is in the first slot the motherboard manual defines for a single stick of memory.

Typically this will be slot 'A2' but VERIFY with the motherboard manual. Leave that stick in the system, remove the others and then proceed. Boot the computer with Memtest. NOTE: DO not use any F modes when launching Memtest unless you know your motherboard requires those. Simply let the test start automatically OR hit the spacebar once to begin. If you have issues running Memtest, try F-1 or SAFE mode when the program starts, otherwise just let it run.

Memtest runs 10 sub tests per full test pass. You want to run at least 3 FULL test passes on each module which can take from hours per stick depending system speed. When the first module passes or fails, power down, remove the module and mark it for 'pass' or 'fail' and then install the next module in the same pengertian trader tots and rerun the test.

Repeat until all modules are confirmed individually. A FAIL will be defined by RED text and lines in the lower screen of Memtest. If any RED appears, you can stop the test, the memory has failed. If you find a module s fail and the system is not overclocked then you most likely have a defective memory module turn off computer hibernate option real estate needs to be replaced and not used. Defective memory can lead to everything from Windows corruption, driver corruption, software application corruption, poor performance, intermittent crashes, system lockups and CTD's.

NOTE: Lets assume all sticks fail. You can use a different slot and retest. Check turn off computer hibernate option real estate motherboard manual about which slots are the first in each channel bank and if it is possible to use another slot for 1 stick. Usually you can use the B2 slot instead of A2, or the motherboard manufacture may define slot A1.

The goal here is to define if the issue is a BIOS setting or a memory slot, or, you really have multiple sticks of memory that are defective. If you find the sticks pass in another slot, the XMP profile was set correctly and the primary slots are failing memory when the sticks are installed in then, then return the motherboard for a replacement. Once you have confirmed the memory is not defective then continue on. Clocking is the LAST OPERATION after everything has been installed, confirmed, tested, and tuned.

When you get to that point there IS A DEFINED memory test using Memtest that all users should run to confirm memory controller and CPU stability with the CPU and memory speed the user is running. The BIOS default setup for the CPU at this point is fine. DO NOT OVERCLOCK a system during this initial setup process. NEVER install Windows, flash BIOS files, install large amounts of software and drivers with a overclocked system. It is one thing that if you are very proficient at overclocking and know what you are doing with respect to verifying stability.

If you are not very well versed in overclocking and how to PROPERLY verify stability with an exceptionally high level of confidence I suggest its far better to be safe than sorry. IF you do that and you do not think its a problem when a seasoned professional does This should be done before any drivers are installed. Before you install any drivers into a clean Windows installation perform this task and reboot, then begin installing the motherboard drivers.

Windows UAC User Access Control is useless to protecting a single user computer. It was designed to protect a office network from malware spreading across the network but will not protect the original computer system the malware was executed on, nor will it protect a single user system. If you use FSX and 3rd party addons by now you are probably already aware that User Access Control can block proper function of addons and even FSX.

UAC should be completely shut down for both system performance as well as stop issues with installing and running addons. Go to Control Panel: In the corner dropdown select VIEW BY and then 'small icons' or large, your choice then select Windows Defender from the Control Panel list and open it. Click SAVE and then if any popup appears, click CLOSE. If the services happens to be running at this time, click STOP and then in the dropdown select: DISABLED and click APPLY.

Close the services list. In the box that appears set the slider to ZERO Never Notify and click OK and reboot the computer. Properly shutting down UAC is completely different in Windows 8. It is important to install drivers in the correct order after a operating system is FIRST installed. The CHIPSET driver from the motherboard disk is always installed first, reboot, and followed up by the SATA system, reboot, and then any other drivers with reboots between each driver installation.

The chipset drivers define the chipset registry in which the BIOS of the system works hand-in-hand and from there all the hardware drivers installed into the system will register correctly with the motherboard since the BIOS and its chipset have established the correct ID and driver link in Windows. Always REBOOT after a chipset or any driver is installed before installing the next driver.

CRITICAL: It is very important that you install your drivers from the original CD or DVD that came with the motherboard BEFORE applying any driver updates or upgrades. You do not need the bloatware software most motherboard disks come with but you do need to install the drivers from that disk using the motherboard manufactures installers.

There is a very important reason for this! I have seen this issue with users systems many times over the years. Users will skip the motherboard disk and go round up the updated drivers first. This is a serious mistake. Most users do not understand that the motherboard manufactures can place special patches and execution code into their product driver installers.

This code is executed on first install of drivers to the motherboard and is many times not included with updated drivers they post at their website support. In just one example, the Intel chipset drivers for motherboards do not fully install without executing command line code same with the Intel website drivers which the motherboard manufacture programs into their custom installer to execute. In order for Intel chipset drivers to update properly the first chipset driver install must be run with the proper execution commands and then from there they will be fully installed and will update correctly with later patches.

That is just one example, another is the motherboard manufacture may scan for the OS and install a critical patch before installing a driver and that is expected to be installed before running Windows Update. The driver updates posted at the motherboard support site usually do not include that scan or patch as it is only required on first install of the drivers and the manufacture expects the user to run that driver disk.

This is why it is important to use the motherboard driver disk first, then after all the drivers have been installed from that disk a user can proceed to install any updated drivers listed at the motherboard manufacture support site. They have since changed their recommendations and now say to use the Intel RST drivers and ports. The point being, always check with the manufacture of your SSD as to what they recommend for drivers and control software to be sure your SSD storage system is running at peak efficiency.

The following procedure is exactly how users should install a video driver upgrade. NOTE: DO NOT USE the Windows Device Manager to uninstall any Nvidia driver. Both Nvidia and Microsoft have confirmed that will NOT WORK and leave a system improperly updated. Also, DO NOT USE driver 'sweeper' or 'cleaner' programs!. NOTE: It is important to make sure to get rid of any older drivers on the system so you can successfully flush and install a new driver without issues.

If for some reason a old Nvidia driver reinstalls after uninstalling one from Windows, remove that driver as well before continuing. The default Microsoft "Standard VGA Graphics Adapter" driver is NOT an issue if it happens to install, simply continue as outlined. Go to Programs and Features. Leave the rest of the items in the list alone Then reboot the computer. You must reboot your system when directed by these instructions even if the system does not request a reboot!

Run the driver installer. Do not install this. Its the same update bloatware. The driver may do one of two things. In either case, once the driver has installed then reboot regardless of if a Windows reboot is requested or not. BE VERY AWARE: That after any video driver upgrade or installation that the software Nvidia Inspector, which is used to properly configure Nvidia video drivers for Flight Simulator use, must be restored with the proper settings and then verified before launching FSX with the new drivers installed.

They must be installed separately. After completing the video driver installation, use this link to obtain the latest DirectX web installer. Something users need to start doing is SLOW DOWN with installers of any software, even Microsoft installers, and make sure as you click through the NEXT buttons there is no bloatware or hidden garbage being offered as 'enabled by default' in the installer.

Uncheck such features when you see them. If one is not installed it can present problems in correct resolution setup in Flight Simulator. It can leave a user looking at a screen with far less clarity and detail and the user does not realize it. A monitor driver can also provide in the installation a ICM color profile for your monitor which if it does, should be installed. It will depend on the manufacture if turn off computer hibernate option real estate a profile is installed with the driver.

Your monitor should be listed in the Windows device manager by name under MONITORS and the driver should be from the manufacture. Although it is possible the manufacture of the monitor provided a base driver to Microsoft for the device and if you never installed the monitor driver yourself, or, you wish to check for a update, go to the website for the monitor you use and in the SUPPORT area for the monitor the manufacture should provide a specific driver for the monitor model number.

BE SURE to select the correct FULL monitor model number for the unit and be sure the monitor driver is listed for use with Windows 7. If you wear glasses for reading web pages or documents on your monitor, be sure to wear them when running that text adjustment tool so you can define the text quality in the wizard to your personal needs. This how I set up my personal systems as well as how I have users set up their system when I have performed a one-on-one tuning service in the past. This process includes any mechanical drive not SSD!

Increasing the file allocation size from the default format of 4K allows more data to be written per cluster and reduces overhead in the files system when a mechanical hard drive performs seek operations. This formatting process should never be performed on Windows or Windows page file drives or on any SSD drive. WARNING: This next formatting step can only be performed on drives that ARE NOT in use with data. If you have any data on a drive this formatting process is performed on you will LOSE that data.

The data it must be temporarily moved to another location until this step is completed and then you can move the data back to the drive. Expand the Computer Management window so you can see all your drives in the right pane. You will see all your drives displayed. Right click in the large partition area show and select FORMAT. In the box that appears you can opt to name the drive in the Volume label window, example: FSX or Flight Simulator, or, Storage, etc.

Once all the mechanical drives are formatted to 64K file allocation, close the Drive Management window. SSD Alignment is CRITICAL for SSD performance. Mechanical drives do NOT require alignment for high performance but you can align those too if turn off computer hibernate option real estate are OCD about things. Unzip, run AS SSD Benchmark. In the top left box just under the name of the drive if your SSD is correctly aligned you will see the value in bytes K displayed in GREEN font with the word: 'OK' next to the value.

Newer versions of image software can be used to backup then restore a SSD and align it correctly at the same time. These can be used for improperly aligned Windows install SSD drives. You need to verify the image software will do this correctly as well as verify the alignment when the job is complete. Leave the data on the drive and purchase the payware product Paragon Alignment Tool 4. It is the only software I am aware of at the time of this posting that will do the job right and not damage the data on the drive.

That repair can take a great deal of time if the drive is a large 1TB drive. The larger the drive, the longer it takes to fix. If you use Paragon Alignment tool, get the DATA off the drive first before correcting the alignment of the drive Removing the data first allows the software to run in a matter of seconds as compared to an hour or more with data on the drive. Always verify the alignment of your SSD drives.

NOTE: From time to time it is possible that a Windows Update can install a update that causes an issue. It is IMPORTANT to note that Windows Update has been sometimes known to re-enable items such as Windows Defender or other features you may have disabled such as the Action Center warning system. It is important to obtain all your Windows updates before making major changes to Windows for optimizing in order to ensure the very large updates such as SP1 or other patches do not revert changes you will make in this outline process.

Once you have the major updates then such automated changes should not occur. DO NOT INSTALL "WINDOWS UPDATE" DRIVERS. Use the correct motherboard and hardware manufacture drivers and do not allow Microsoft to update your hardware drivers. There can be rare circumstances where in example a monitor may not come with a driver from the manufacture or none is posted at the manufacture website but Windows Update has one for it.

In this case allowing Windows to install the driver can be OK, but do not let Windows install primary device drivers such as video, sound, LAN, etc. Unicode updates for processors are also OK to allow. Intel sometimes releases a Unicode update for their processors and the operating system and Microsoft will post it. This is very rare but does appear from time to time.

Past items like that do not allow Windows Update to update your drivers. Use the motherboard or device manufacture for such downloads and updates. This will not be the last time you run Windows update during the outline. Windows update can be tricky with new installs so be aware you will need to check that system a few times over the first few days after a new Windows build has been installed. Flight Simulator X must be installed with its service packs correctly and in a correct order.

I have outlined the right way to install FSX in the past and I will outline it again here but in much greater detail so everyone understands both the logic and the real engineering behind this subject. It is very important this outline be followed. It has been tested and peer confirmed that it will correct problems many users see and are not even aware that their original installation of FSX and the service packs or Acceleration is the reason for the problems they experience, especially with aircraft or scenery that are developed with SP2 or Acceleration in mind.

IMPORTANT: Do not install FSX to the default location of Program Files. I see people in forums who claim this is not a issue however when they make statements like that their ignorance is showing with respect to how advanced addon aircraft which add sophisticated and complex code to the running simulation can greatly effect both the stability and the performance of FSX if these addons are located in Program Files or Program Files x Windows 7 is not Windows XP and even with the UAC system shut down and rights given to the Program Files directories by the administrator of the computer, Windows 7 will continue to nanny the Program Files directories and as such the addition of complex simulations installed into FSX become a real problem.

Be very aware that it is important to isolate your FSX install away from the Windows nanny systems. Doing so will assure your advanced aircraft simulations and complex scenery addons will not suffer from Microsoft's OS design. You will use this directory to manually browse and point the FSX DVD installer to. Make sure that no other directory appears above the Flight Simulator install or additional addon directory such as large photo-scenery databases located on a separate drive away from FSX.

The name of the directory does not matter. You can name the directory anything you wish such as; FSX or Flight Simulator X turn off computer hibernate option real estate My Flightsim Stuff Simply make sure that directory always visually appears at the top of the tree if other directories are on that drive. This is a critical step if you intend to use my outline below to optimize your system for Flight Simulator use with FSX running from a mechanical hard drive.

With SSDs the directory name and location in the root of the drive does not matter. In this document I am going to explain why and how this outline was designed. The user will install FSX SP2 -or- Acceleration. They knew that people were using FSX and awaiting service packs and they also knew the conditions around the installations when they designed the service packs and Acceleration installers. What they may not have considered is that installing FSX and patches back-to-back in a Windows 7 based system under certain conditions with no sim launch and no computer reboot could produce undesirable results.

Rebooting the computer assures the memory is cleared and registry is reloaded with all these newly created files and directories pointed to in the registry and that FSX. This means you have now established a full installation of FSX with all support code, configuration files, shader file generation and registry entries before the next service pack is installed which will in turn -now- correctly upgrade FSX.

We want to establish the same 'no fault' installation situation if multiple SP patches are to be installed. Vista was new and still buggy at the time too. They did not have all the answers at that time. I discovered this issue some months after the release of the final patches and in the process of finding the solution I contacted a Aces project manager and ran this install order past him with my findings. I got a green light on this and that is where the install outline I have posted in the original FSX Tuning thread and in forums was developed.

Please do not skip booting the default flight OR skip rebooting the system when directed. From that point on all installers will know where FSX is located automatically. Launch FSX and let it complete the install and then boot the default flight. Install FSX from the original release DVD or the Deluxe DVD. Install FSX Service Pack 1. Install FSX Service Pack 2. DO NOT SKIP THIS. This section is a repeat of from the FSX Tuning thread.

I am including it here because this outline is a list that turn off computer hibernate option real estate been designed with a predefined order of execution. When we get to the point where it is time to tune and tweak we will go further into this subject. Right now you simply need to setup FSX with the correct BASE settings. I consider this a SAFE setup for any modern or semi-modern hardware however there can and will be differences for lower grade hardware.

I have noted below what to deal with in those circumstances. This outline will get you started and setup the right way before continuing on. Users on laptops, OEM systems and really low-end hardware; use this outline too but you will need to pay close attention to the four primary performance killer scenery items I outlined at the end of this list as you may need to set those sliders lower. This list is essential so follow it carefully.

This is a TEST AND SEE setting. FSX is about SMOOTH not frames! You 'gamers' need to get a life around that subject and stop telling people that smooth frames is BAD. A game uses predefined local maps and controls, FSX is constantly calculating real-time changes. Example, if you use a monitor that is designed for x set this to xx If you have any intention of trying DX10 that is done AFTER DX9 mode is established and backed up.

A well tuned DX9 sim that runs smooth with run smooth in DX10 mode as well! Exceptionally slower systems may need to start lower than Very Dense. Autogen Density: This is a slider you must work based on the sim performance. It can also involve thermal disturbances on approach of a runway IF the right conditions exist in FSX at the time of the landing. You can opt to leave this on NONE if you have issues with landing and thermals in FSX. Leave the rest on default - do not slam 80 miles of cloud cover into a scene at this time.

For default and to start out, set the Airline traffic to 45 and the GA traffic to I leave this at low for any system. If you wish to use it, remember its going to cost you in performance! I suggest this be set to LOW for now and then if its desired raise it later. That way you can see where you may be losing airport performance.

You can make basic settings changes and establish a setup to install addons, however tuning and tweaking comes later after the system is properly optimized to assure our tuning session has real value and does not need to be repeated. When you get to that point, tuning Turn off computer hibernate option real estate will be very simple and you will be flying instead of tweaking very quickly.

I can not stress this enough, the trick with FSX and tuning the FSX. If you want that text on the screen, then leave this out. Otherwise edit this into the file. This disables FSX from pre-loading files for the default flight when you launch FSX from the desktop icon. Why would we want to fill our system memory, video memory with rendering data for a flight and aircraft we may not boot?

If you ALWAYS boot the default FSX flight then leave this out, however since most users typically select a flight based on criteria along with aircraft changes we do not need FSX loading up our systems with data for a flight we may not or will not use. If you use any silly online FSX. If you insist on loading that config file with edits now, you are going backwards and right back to the reason you may have come to this document in the first place.

Be very aware that some scenery addons and scenery developers can add edits to your FSX. Some scenery developers insist you must add tweaks to that file, PLEASE IGNORE THEM. Such installers and software managers for addons as well as those developers can be your worse nightmare and one of the reasons why it is important to get all the addons installed and setup now so that if any of them change the FSX. Some use FSX with no addons or very few. We can break this down to 5 primary categories and of course there can be variations The users who fall under the first three categories typically deal with far less issues and the ones that fall under the first three that use addons usually keep their installs clean by filtering through addons as they install them and make good decisions around what to keep and what to dump and not use based on the load they invoke on their system and what they must do with driver and scenery settings to run them.

These users many times place a standard on their installs that allows a good balance between performance and eye candy and place far more emphasis on the aircraft they want to fly than the shiny hanger door handles at the airport, cars at the gas station or the cow in the pasture they fly over. These users will do an inventory from time to time and uninstall addons they either rarely use or over time don't use at all anymore. They may also turn off computer hibernate option real estate out over time just how silly some addons are with respect to performance even if they may like the eye candy but instead will opt to get rid of them.

In other words, they keep their house in order as they build their sim and use it. This is the SMART way to approach the sim and reinstalling addons from a clean start. Not smart at all! Its the users that fall under the last two categories regardless of the hardware or the computer setup being spot-on perfect that many times end up with what equates Flight Simulator to a small Toyota pickup truck overloaded to the point of the frame nearly dragging the ground and the tires leaning with the amount of cargo a moving van is typically required to carry.

They get to a point where they spend day after day looking for ways to pile more into Flight Sim and come up with all sorts of crazy fsx. There is really nothing that can be done for the last user in that list. The intense user can be similar to the drunken sailor but usually can be reached far easier and before they hit rock bottom and give up. I am not saying users must strip their sims down and don't install any addons.

On top of that you are setting yourself up for errors and memory loads that can push you over the edge for 'Out Of Memory" with a ridiculous scenery library list loading at sim launch. The more reserved users do fx solutions metatrader australia on a globe ever have do deal with that and they can run all their scenery enabled with background utilities and fly online and never have to think twice about setting up a scenery library or a exe.

You die-hard addon users who refuse to inventory your sims for performance addons need to think about that before launching flights. Setting up custom FSX scenery library lists that disable uncheck addons that are never seen in a flight or in the regions you are flying as well as do the same for custom exe. This goes a long way in getting your flight booted faster without the footprint excessive addons in a FSX install can place on a system.

If you start practicing that, do not remove default Microsoft entries from the Scenery Library. This is unnecessary and not required. It may also cause issues. Turn off computer hibernate option real estate users can also create separate fsx. One very legitimate circumstance for keeping multiple fsx. FSX handles photoscenery different than textures in the render. So with a new Flight Sim installation, and if you are someone who has never really taken the time to seriously think about what you are about to install into that sim, here is the list you should consider: Once you have answered those questions with a YES then proceed to install your addon.

Carefully consider those questions because many times as you go down the list you may and probably will find addons you had in the past that you now realize you either don't need or really did not need the hassles with all the issues you had to deal with in the past around them. It is a good practice to define that the entire Flight Simulator installation directory including all files and folders within are excluded from the scanner.

Some security products are over aggressive and can slow a system. Shutting them down during Flight Sim use may be required. It really depends on the quality of the security application as to how much it impacts system performance. You can opt to run a system without any security software installed. If you are a very careful user and one that does not go to nasty places on the internet as well as someone who is very keen to catching email attachments that can be infected, then you can run with no security software installed.

If you do not use your system for 'mission critical' applications and important development work and the system is isolated for FSX use only, then that too could quality for a system that needs no real-time security. Typical users do not fall in that category and need real time security protection however we do not need extended firewall software, all sorts of malware scanners and port security suites.

The Windows 7 firewall works and it works well. You do not need any extended firewall software that replaces it. The Windows firewall is fine and your router has a NAT hardware firewall built into it too! If you are hacking for a government then by all means, BE Paranoid!! This has been asked many times: Which AV and Malware products do I personally use? AV products are not created equal.

I personally would not use any freeware AV products, including Microsoft, for a high performance graphics workstation. For a high performance system turn off computer hibernate option real estate which the user requires or desires real time security be in place I highly suggest the use of the latest NOD32 Antivirus NOT the NOD security suite, just the AV as it comes with a GAME MODE that is setup to run correctly by default user does not need to enable it and automatically engages in any full screen render or video display.

And then close the boxes. NOD32 when set up as I outlined above will not in any way interfere with Flight Sim or reduce system performance during Flight Sim use and it will catch the critters as it will integrate into email, MS Office files and the browser to make sure you don't get bombed. Along with NOD32, I use the freeware product Malwarebytes which can be used and run and updated manually from time to time in order to confirm no malware has infiltrated the system over time.

Typically how that happens is a user inadvertently allows something to be installed by admin rights and the AV misses it. That can happen with any AV product no matter how well it is made so it is a good idea to have a 2nd line of defense and run it once a month to just verify the system is clean. Malwarebytes can also properly remove critters it may find.

It only needs to be updated manually and then run manually periodically. The payware version is not needed. If Windows Updates are confirmed, begin here: This step configures and shuts down Windows Update 'automatic updates' and configures the Windows security and maintenance nag system. Automatic Updates can invoke stutters should they be executed at the wrong time. I highly suggest all users should MANUALLY check for Windows Updates once a month and NOT allow the OS to do that automatically.

You will be settings the Windows NAG warning system and Windows Update correctly so it will not interfere with the system when it is in use. You will need to watch out for MS bloat-ware products such as BING toolbar when checking for updates under the optional updates. FILES YOU WILL NEED: Download this zip file and unzip it. Unzip it to the desktop.

It should place a shortcut on your desktop, leave that shortcut on the desktop for use later. You will be using the application TFC. In the window that appears there is a dropdown that says: Show Additional Plans, expand it. For the monitor you can set this to what ever you like, 20min is usually a good value. Click the ADVANCED power settings link. Please do not apply that tweak if you found it on the internet as it is not needed! You will not see any return on the Command Prompt screen, once complete, simply close the box.

Note: This next step will shut down Windows System Restore AKA: System Protection I know some people rely on this system. It is resource hog and also adds disk access operations to a system. I would suggest people obtain proper backup software and learn to keep up to date image backups of their system drives running backups manually when needed and shut down System Restore.

Shutting this system down WILL net a positive result however if you simply can not live without system restore skip this step and proceed to step 5 now. In the box that appears under the Protection Settings window you will see each drive in the system listed. Select the drive in the list b. Click the CONFIGURE button c. In the box that appears set the top bullet to: Turn Off System Protection and click APPLY and then OK to close the box d.

REPEAT A and B above for each drive in the list shown. Click the REMOTE tab on the System Properties box. NOTE: THIS IS ONLY A TEMPORARY CHANGE. Once finished click the ADVANCED tab. Uncheck: Automatically Manage Paging Files at the top of the box. Look at the box below. All the drives in the system will be displayed. If any drive other than the Windows drive currently displays a page file in the box, select it the drive in the box, place a bullet in: NO PAGE FILE and then click the SET button.

Once Windows is the only drive with a page file on it, or, no page files are shown, then continue below. Once complete, click OK and then you may see a message that says the changes will take place after a restart, click OK and on the box that remains open, click APPLY. If a reboot is requested, allow it. If no reboot is requested then reboot the system NOW.

You will no longer be able to access any crash reports if the system happens to crash making diagnostics difficult. BE AWARE that regardless of the amount of system memory there are programs that can refuse to run, or, run strange turn off computer hibernate option real estate sluggish if the Windows page file is turned off even with sufficient memory in the system.

If you have a very large amount of system memory, you know for a fact that no software you have or will install requires allocation or access of the Windows page file in its code even with high system memory and you do not care to have reports available for crashes in case they happen, you can turn the page file off on all drives but even if all the suggested criteria is met, you may wish you had left it alone and simply tuned it correctly turn off computer hibernate option real estate defined above in STEP 9 a-b-c.

Even with my extensive background in computer and electronic engineering If you have LESS than 4GB of physical system memory on a modern system running high demand physical memory applications. Optional, NOT required You use a SSD for the Windows drive and wish to reduce writes to the SSD. This can also be used to recover drive space on SSDs and it can be used for SSD drives such as dedicated PCIe SSD that has no TRIM support in Windows 7.

Running FSX with all addons and Windows does NOT require any more than 6GB-8GB of physical memory. IF you are short of memory your system needs MORE MEMORY and not a page file move. OPTIONAL: Windows is located on a Solid State Hard Drive. In the case of SSD, moving the Windows page file can assist with the heath of the SSD drive over a LONG period of time which in turn helps keep the drive fast and healthy. If there is data on this drive you must MOVE the data to a temp safe location FIRST.

NOTE: If you do not have such a drive on your system and you wish to use this method you will need to purchase and install one. A standard Western Digital BLUE drive is fine for this purpose. You will be using any left over space for dead storage. Right click the new partition and select to FORMAT in NTFS and to the DEFAULT file allocation or 4K and in that process you can name the partition: Windows Page File.

Select the QUICK format option and Click NEXT and then click FINISH. Once finished the partition is ready for the page file. To use the rest of the space on the drive for storage, in the Drive Management Console right click the remaining unallocated space of the drive and select to create a simple volume. Use all of the space and create the volume and click NEXT. Assign a drive letter and click NEXT. Use the NTFS file system and format the volume to 64K file allocation and name the drive STORAGE if you wish.

Select to perform a quick format and select NEXT then FINISH. Once finished the partition is ready for storing files. Note: This must be done to continue getting crash reports. Windows will use the larger page file by default first if its needed. The small allocation will only be written to if a crash occurs. Continue below with SPECIAL SECTION FOR SSD WINDOWS DRIVES as that will do far more for SSD than ANY page file move!

With all programs closed, run the program TFC. When it launches click the START button and allow it to complete. When finished it will close certain programs running in the tray and may launch a windows explorer window, simply close any windows that open and then reboot the system. Click the Delete button and allow it to continue. Click APPLY and then OK to close the box e. REPEAT A-E above for each drive in the list shown. Then close the system properties box. System Restore or Protection is now completely disabled and can not be accessed by Windows.

In the center box toward the bottom find the section labeled: Basic and High Contrast themes. Place the mouse pointer over the WINDOWS BASIC Theme and click it to select. Do not set up a slide show, only select ONE image. Close the Personalization window. Click OK to close the System Properties box. Windows is now configured to use the least resources yet provide a very pleasant viewing environment.

Then Click on the Tools menu. Select the View tab in the Folder Options window. Click APPLY TO ALL FOLDERS and select YES. Thumbnails require more memory. The items listed above are the only items that should be selected in the box. Click Apply and close the box. If you have never run Windows with 'Hide Protected Operating System Files" disabled then you will see hidden files you normally do not see in the root of drives as well as in some directories.

As you may come across those over time: Leave those ALONE and do not attempt to delete or move them. On the Windows taskbar click START and on the side menu click COMPUTER. In the window that appears your hard drives will display. Go to the VIEW menu and in the dropdown select either MEDIUM or LARGE icons your choice and then in the VIEW menu select SORT BY and select TYPE then ASCENDING order.

This will layout your drives in a nice order for access. If this happens click IGNORE ALL and allow the process to complete. Close the properties box for the drive. REPEAT steps a-b-c above for EACH hard drive shown in the system. If you ever add a hard drive or make a partition at a later date you must perform these steps to disable indexing on the new drive or partition. Windows 7 HOMEGROUP: Before configuring the Windows Services list you will need to define if you will be creating a home network or using this system on a network.

HomeGroup can not be used to network Windows 7 to a Windows XP system. If you intend to network this system to another Windows 7 system or several Windows 7 systems then SKIP this step now and go to If you do NOT intend to network this system, OR, If you intend to network this system with a older Window operating system such as Windows XP, the HomeGroup system is useless and will run services using resources for no reason.

Only the systems on a network running Windows 7 can use the HomeGroup system. DISABLE HOMEGROUP: First, we must define if HomeGroup is enabled or disabled on the system. Some versions of Windows come with HomeGroup enabled by default, others come disabled by default. To check and see which one your system falls under, do the following: 1. IF you see a message that says that there is currently no HomeGroup on the network, then Homegroup is DISABLED and you can close the box and skip to STEP 18 2.

IF Homegroup is enabled: The Homegroup settings window will appear. You will be presented with a wizard asking you to confirm that you really want to leave the HomeGroup. Start the Internet Explorer Browser. Go to the TOOLS menu and at the bottom select INTERNET OPTIONS. The options box will appear. Uncheck Enable Tabbed Browsing and click OK. This feature consumes a large amount of memory, can slow the browser considerably, and is really not needed. If you insist on using tabs you can leave this enabled however it will effect browser performance and consume disk space and memory.

In the box that appears place a check in all the options except the last 3: Uncheck Form Data, Passwords and Active X Filtering and Tracking Data then click DELETE and the box will close. NOTE: This retains any data that is saved that is related to your FAVORITES links. You are optimizing your browser so any links you save as Favorites retain the website data for faster loading, but the system will flush all data for any other sites.

This keeps your turn off computer hibernate option real estate optimized so it is not loading large amounts of old website visit data from pages you may never visit again or rarely visit. Under the Browser history click the settings button. To make this easy I am providing a list that should be safe for just turn off computer hibernate option real estate anyone to use. If you happen to see something specific you know you need to run but is set to disabled in the list below, leave it enabled on your system.

VERY IMPORTANT: Shutting down services past what I display below is NOT NECESSARY. Windows 7 will not run any better by shutting down nearly every service in the list. Beware of any snake-oil software sold that claims it will speed up and optimize your system or make Flightsim run better under Windows 7 as those claims ARE FALSE.

Most of the services below are safely set to MANUAL which will START only if they are needed automatically, and, the services that MUST be enabled are enabled for a reason. Do not deviate from this list unless you know exactly what you are doing. If you see an item on this list that you do not see listed on your system, skip it.

You will find turn off computer hibernate option real estate many of these services are already configured correctly and need no change, as I said, Windows 7 does a fairly good job of optimizing itself. Going past these settings and disabling more than what is listed is NOT REQUIRED and in some cases can make the system run worse!

Some of them are needed to properly configure the Windows prefetch boot system correctly which will be done in the next steps after the services are configured and many of them switch themselves ON and OFF correctly by demand and use. Expand the screen and then expand the name column so you can see the service name and the startup type. You can collapse the status and description columns so its easier binary option broker withdrawal see the name next to the startup type listed.

In the STARTUP TYPE box change the service to the startup type to what is shown in the list below and click APPLY. Close the box and go to the next service in the list. A service set to MANUAL will not invoke ANY resource reduction or performance issues and they are designed to start on their own if the demand for them is required. DO NOT shut down a service that is defined to start manually as that will make no difference to the system and if your system needs one of these items it should start on its own!

Please run this application and allow it to complete. When finished a reboot request will appear, reboot the computer. NOTE: This fix addresses Out Of Memory issues with certain release versions of Windows 7. Not all release versions of Windows 7 show this issue and the fix has already been applied. You are simply running this application as a precaution to be sure your version of Windows 7 has this fix applied. Out of Memory issues with Flight Simulator can be caused by many DIFFERENT reasons.

Clean your startup of unneeded programs or utilities that have placed startup applications in your Windows boot system. If I was personally setting up your system I could have this system cleaned out in 10 minutes or less. Unfortunately I can not outline 'exactly' what applications you can and should remove and which ones must remain because all systems are different and a user may have requirements that another user does not need.

This step is very important as many applications can invoke serious performance issues, or, they could invoke 'checking for updates' during Flight Sim use. Many applications install startup keys in the registry which are not needed and that a user can launch an application manually instead of booting it automatically. Optimizing this part of your system may require some trial and error if you are not versed in computers and software. I will outline a SAFE way to do this below for those who may not know or are not sure if they should stop an application from booting with Windows so you can restore an item if an issue should appear by shutting it down.

Launch the System Configuration Tool: Go to Start, then in the search box type: msconfig. A box will appear. Click the STARTUP tab. You will see a list of applications and utilities that are starting with Windows then read the items A-B-C-D below; a. Applications such as: Adobe Acrobat, QTask quicktimeRealPlayer, ANY Google applications, MS Messenger, Skype. None of these application need to run at Windows boot can be removed from the Startup list.

As you add programs to your install you should always check the settings for those programs and if they have a 'automatic update' feature DISABLE IT as that can add completely unneeded services and startup items running to your system that can invoke performance issues during flights. Update your software MANUALLY.

Many drivers such as the sound driver Realtek semiconductor or SoundMax as will as Intel for Rapid Transport Technology place items in the startup that ARE required. AV programs will place startup items in this list. As a precaution, always leave any items that are related to sound, video and SATA drivers as well as your 'primary' Antivirus alone and do not remove them unless you know for a fact it is simply bloatware. Be aware that applications such as Malwarebytes can install a startup key as well as services.

Windows XP Power Management

A review of the Lake Geneva real estate markets, articulated daily by a top producing real estate agent. Lakefront, lake access, lakefront condominiums. A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a great way to add security to your browsing while also preventing snoopers (including your internet service provider), but VPN. Two years ago I had a heart attack and last year a quadruple by pass. I started to suffer from palpitations about six months after the op and it was thought I would.